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Diamond Buying Guide

The Origin of Diamonds


The ancient Greeks believed that diamonds were splinters of stars fallen to the earth. The truth is that diamonds are common carbon, as in a lead pencil, yet has a boiling point of approximately 4000 degrees centigrade. Diamond were formed under immense pressure and heat hundreds of miles below sea-level. After 100 million years of formation, volcanic explosions forced them upward, exposing their natural beauty to the world. 

A rough diamond resembles a pebble. It is the skill of the craftsman that unlocks the fiery beauty that lies within. The beauty of the diamond depends on the way it reflects and refracts light. The polisher must facet the stone, allowing the light to emerge from the top.

The tradition of a man giving a woman a diamond ring as a promise of marriage began in the Middle Ages, when the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I gave Mary of Burgundy a gold ring set with a diamond as a token of love. There is nothing more powerful than a diamond when it comes to expressing love.

We are passionate about diamonds and we want to help you make the best choice.

About Diamonds

A diamond is judged by four distinct factors. These are called the 4 C's:        

  • CARAT 
  • CUT


The carat is a reference to the weight of a diamond. A one carat diamond is equivalent to 0.2 grams.One carat is divided into 100 points, so a diamond of 25 points is described as 0.25 carats.

It may be hard to believe that approximately 250 tons of ore must be mined and polished in order to produce a single, one-carat polished diamond.



Colour is perhaps the most important characteristic of a diamond. Ideally, colour should be totally absent as the clearer the diamond, the more light will pass and refract through it, and therefore the rarer it will be. 



Good proportions reflect light between the facets and up through the crown. Too shallow or deep a cut lets some light escape through the pavilion.

Many people confuse cut with the shape. The cut of the diamond refers to the brilliance. It will dramatically influence the fire and sparkle of the diamond.



The clarity of a diamond is assessed by examination of its imperfections, normally under a 10x magnification. Nearly all diamonds contain traces of non-crystallised carbon called inclusions. Inclusions are also referred to as "natures's fingerprint".  The fewer there are, the rarer the diamond will be. 


Caring for your Diamond: Cleaning

A clean diamond has a beautiful fire and a brilliant sparkle. Everyday products such as skin cream, soap, oils and cosmetics can dull your diamond’s natural radiance. Keep your diamond clean and gleaming.

Here are some tips on how to keep your diamond at its best:

  • Our Complimentary Cleaning Service: At Wedding rings Gallery , we want your diamonds to look their best at all times, this is why we offer a complimentary cleaning service. This service includes a professional cleaning and inspection of your diamond ring. 
  • Mild Detergent Bowl: Make up a small bowl of warm water and a mild cleaning detergent – liquid washing liquid or liquid soap. Place your diamond jewellery into the bowl and use a small soft toothbrush to gently clean the jewellery. Rinse the jewellery thoroughly after cleaning and pat dry with a Wedding rings Gallery  Gold and Diamond Cloth, or a soft lint-free cloth.


Wedding Rings Gallery Diamonds are Conflict-Free 

The Kimberley Process (KP)  a joint initiative between governments, industry and society which restricts the flow of Conflict Diamonds, used in the financing of wars against legitimate governments.

The KP uses traceability systems in order to ensure that rough diamonds are shipped via tamper-proof methods and are government-certified as conflict-free. Under this process, shipments lacking legitimate certification will be rejected or impounded. As the diamonds continue their journey through the market, they are further certified as compliant with the Kimberley Process.

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